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ROTA-VIRUS AND TREATMENT


 ROTA-VIRUS AND TREATMENT

Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhea in infants and children worldwide, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Before the development of a vaccine, most children in the United States had at least one bout with rotavirus by age 5.

Although rotavirus infections are unpleasant, you can treat most of them at home with extra fluids to prevent dehydration. Occasionally, severe dehydration requires intravenous fluids in the hospital. Dehydration is a serious complication of rotavirus and a major cause of childhood deaths in developing countries.

Vaccination can help prevent rotavirus infection in your infant. For older children and adults — who aren't as likely to develop serious symptoms of rotavirus — frequent hand-washing is the best line of defense.

SYMPTOMS

A rotavirus infection usually starts with a fever and vomiting, followed by three to eight days of watery diarrhea. The infection can cause abdominal pain as well. In adults who are otherwise healthy, a rotavirus infection may cause only mild signs and symptoms — or none at all.

When to see a doctor?

Call your child's doctor if your child:

*Has severe or bloody diarrhea 

*Has frequent episodes of vomiting for more than three hours

*Has a temperature of 103 F (39.4 C) or higher

*Seems lethargic, irritable or in pain

*Has signs or symptoms of dehydration— dry mouth, crying without tears, little or no urination, unusual sleepiness or unresponsiveness

If you're an adult, call your doctor if you:

*Aren't able to keep liquids down for 24 hours

*Have frequent episodes of vomiting for more than one or two days

*Vomit blood

*Have blood in your bowel movements

*Have a temperature higher than 103 F (39.4 C)

*Have signs or symptoms of dehydration — excessive thirst, dry mouth, little or no urination, severe weakness, dizziness on standing or lightheadedness

CAUSES

Rotavirus is present in an infected person's stool several days before symptoms appear and for up to 10 days after symptoms subside. The virus spreads easily through hand-to-mouth contact throughout this time — even if the infected person doesn't have symptoms.

If you have rotavirus and you don't wash your hands after using the toilet — or your child has rotavirus and you don't wash your hands after changing your child's diaper or helping your child use the toilet — the virus can spread to anything you touch, including food, toys and utensils. 

If another person touches your unwashed hands or a contaminated object and then touches his or her mouth, an infection may follow.

Because there are many types of rotavirus, it's possible to be infected more than once, even if you've been vaccinated. However, repeat infections are typically less severe.

RISK FACTORS

Rotavirus infections are most common in children ages 4 months to 24 months — particularly those who spend time in child care settings. Older adults and adults caring for young children have an increased risk of infection as well.

Your risk of rotavirus is highest in winter and spring.

COMPLICATIONS

Severe diarrhea can lead to dehydration, particularly in young children. Left untreated, dehydration can become a life-threatening condition regardless of its cause.

PREPARING FOR YOUR APPOINTMENT

If you or your child needs to see a doctor, you'll likely see your primary care provider first. If there are questions about the diagnosis, your doctor may refer you to a gastroenterologist or an infectious disease specialist.

TESTS AND DIAGNOSIS

Rotavirus is often diagnosed based on symptoms and a physical exam. A stool sample may be analyzed in a lab to confirm the diagnosis.

TREATMENTS 

There's no specific treatment for a rotavirus infection. Antibiotics won't help a rotavirus infection. Usually, the infection resolves within three to eight days. Preventing dehydration is the biggest concern.

To prevent dehydration while the virus runs it course, drink plenty of fluids. If your child has severe diarrhea, ask your doctor about offering an oral rehydration fluid such as Pedialyte — especially if the diarrhea lasts longer than a few days. For children, a rehydration fluid can replace lost minerals more effectively than can water or other liquids. Severe dehydration may require intravenous fluids in the hospital.

LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES

Best way is to visit your nearest Clinic, your doctor will know what to do.

______________________________________________

Contact us:


Mtonga Isaac Pharmacy,

Ng'ombe Township,

#16/24 Off Zambezi road,

Email: mtongaisaacpharmacy@gmail.com,

Tel: +260974272433/+260966399444,

Lusaka, Zambia.

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Mtonga Isaac Pharmacy Zambia

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