Featured Posts

MTONGA ISAAC PHARMACY ONLINE SHOPPING

Image
   MTONGA ISAAC PHARMACY ONLINE SHOP Welcome to Mtonga Isaac Pharmacy Online Shop!  Are you looking for help concerning your health problem? Our Health Products Can Reach You Wherever You're. Shipping Available. Click here ๐Ÿ‘‡✍️ to Open Our Online Shop ๐ŸŒOPEN SHOP 1 NOW๐ŸŒŽ   IN US DOLLAR ($) ๐ŸŒŽOPEN SHOP 2 NOW๐ŸŒ   IN ZAMBIAN KWACHA (ZMW) Download Health Product Document here ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ™๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ˜ŠMost welcome here ๐Ÿซ€ ๐ŸŒ๐Ÿซ€๐Ÿง Mtonga Isaac Pharmacy Document download - PDF๐Ÿซ๐ŸŒฒ๐ŸŒ RECEIVE OUR HEALTH PRODUCTS WHEREVER YOU'RE Mtonga Isaac Pharmacy Zambia NAME & SURNAME : EMAIL ADDRESS MESSAGE :

EPILEPSY OR SEIZURES AND TREATMENT


WHAT IS EPILEPSY OR SEIZURES 

Epilepsy or Frontal lobe seizures are seizures that originate in the front of the brain. Epilepsy symptoms can vary depending on what part of the brain is involved. 

Frontal lobe seizures may produce unusual symptoms that can appear to be related to a psychiatric problem or a sleep disorder.

Frontal lobe seizures often occur during sleep and may feature bicycle pedaling motions and pelvic thrusting. Some people scream profanities or laugh during frontal lobe seizures.

In many cases of frontal lobe seizures, brain wave tests (electroencephalograms) may not show the changes characteristic of epileptic seizures that originate elsewhere in the brain. Medications usually can control frontal lobe seizures, but surgery is an option if anti-epileptic drugs aren't effective.

SYMPTOMS

Frontal lobe seizures usually last less than 30 seconds and often occur during sleep. Signs and symptoms of frontal lobe seizures may include:

*Head and eye movement to one side

*Complete or partial unresponsiveness or difficulty speaking

*Explosive screams, including profanities, or laughter

*Abnormal body posturing, such as one arm extending while the other flexes, as if the person is posing like a fencer

*Repetitive movements, such as rocking, bicycle pedaling or pelvic thrusting

When can I to see a doctor?

See your doctor if you're having signs or symptoms of a seizure. Call for emergency medical help if you observe someone having a seizure that lasts more than five minutes.

CAUSES

Frontal lobe seizures can result from abnormalities — such as tumors, stroke, infection, or traumatic injuries — in the brain's frontal lobes. 

An abnormal gene causes a rare inherited disorder called autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy. If one of your parents has this form of frontal lobe epilepsy, you have a 50 percent chance of inheriting the gene and developing the disease yourself.

In most cases, however, the cause of frontal lobe epilepsy remains unknown.

COMPLICATIONS

*Status epilepticus. Frontal lobe seizures tend to occur in clusters and may provoke a dangerous condition called status epilepticus — in which seizure activity lasts much longer than usual. Seizures that last longer than five minutes should be treated as a medical emergency.

*Injury. The motions that occur during frontal lobe seizures sometimes result in injury to the person experiencing the seizure.

*Other brain functions. Depending on the frequency and duration of seizures, frontal lobe epilepsy may affect memory, motor skills and other brain functions. However, more research is needed.

*Sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP). For unknown reasons, people who have seizures have a greater than average risk of dying unexpectedly. Possible factors include heart or breathing problems, perhaps related to genetic abnormalities. Controlling seizures as well as possible with medication appears to be the best prevention for SUDEP.

PREPARING FOR YOUR APPOINTMENT

You'll probably first bring your symptoms to the attention of your family doctor, who may refer you to a neurologist.

TESTS AND DIAGNOSIS

Frontal lobe epilepsy can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms may be mistaken for psychiatric problems or sleep disorders, such as night terrors. It has not been studied as much as some other types of epilepsy. It's possible that some seizure effects found in the frontal lobe may be the result of seizures that begin in other parts of the brain.

Your doctor may suggest the following tests.

*Brain scans. Frontal lobe seizures can be caused by tumors, abnormal blood vessels or injuries. Brain imaging, usually MRI, may reveal the source.

MRI uses radio waves and a powerful magnetic field to produce very detailed images of soft tissues such as the brain. To undergo an MRI scan, you must lie on a narrow pallet that slides into a long tube. The test often takes about an hour to complete. Some people may feel claustrophobic inside MRI machines, although the test itself is painless.

*Electroencephalogram (EEG). An EEG monitors the electrical activity in your brain via a series of electrodes attached to your scalp. EEGs are often helpful in diagnosing some types of epilepsy, but results may be normal in frontal lobe epilepsy.

*Video EEG. Video EEG is usually performed during an overnight stay at a hospital's sleep clinic. Both a video camera and an EEG monitor run all night. Doctors can then match what physically occurs when you have a seizure with what appears on the EEG at the same time.

TREATMENTS

Over the past decade, treatment options have increased for frontal lobe seizures. There are newer types of anti-seizure medications as well as a variety of surgical procedures that may help if medications don't work.

Medications

All anti-seizure drugs seem to work equally well at controlling frontal lobe seizures, but not everyone becomes seizure-free on medication. 

Your doctor may try different types of anti-seizure medicines or have you take a combination of medicines to control your seizures. Researchers are continuing to look for new and more-effective medications.

Surgery

If your seizures can't be controlled adequately with medications, your doctor may recommend surgery. Surgery involves pinpointing the areas of the brain where seizures occur. Two newer imaging techniques — single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) and subtraction ictal SPECT coregistered to MRI (SISCOM) — are more accurate at identifying the area, but aren't yet widely available.

Another imaging technique, known as brain mapping, is commonly used before epilepsy surgery. Brain mapping involves implanting electrodes directly into an area of the brain and using electrical stimulation to determine whether that area has an important function, which would rule out surgery on that area. In addition, functional MRI (fMRI) is used to map the language area of the brain.

In general, surgery for seizures that aren't well controlled by medication may be quite successful. Surgery for frontal lobe seizures may be less successful than for other types of seizures, but still may provide benefit.

Surgery for epilepsy may involve:

*Removing the focal point. If your seizures always begin in one specific spot in your brain, removing that small portion of brain tissue may reduce or eliminate your seizures.

*Isolating the focal point. If the portion of the brain that's causing seizures is too vital to remove, surgeons may make a series of cuts to help isolate that section of the brain. This prevents seizures from moving into other parts of the brain.

*Stimulating the vagus nerve. Another surgical option is to implant a device — similar to a cardiac pacemaker — to stimulate your vagus nerve. This procedure usually reduces the number of seizures people experience.

*Responding to a seizure. A responsive neurostimulator (RNS) is a newer type of implanted device. It is activated only when you begin to have a seizure, and it stops the seizure from occurring.

LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES

Some seizures may be triggered by alcohol intake, smoking and especially lack of sleep. There is also evidence that severe stress can provoke seizures, and that seizures themselves can cause stress. Avoiding these triggers where possible may help improve seizure control.

ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

People with common neurological conditions, including seizures, tend to use complementary and alternative medicine more often than those who don't have these conditions. People with seizures may use:

*Herbal medicines

*Acupuncture

*Psychotherapy

*Mind-body techniques

*Homeopathy

Researchers are looking into these therapies, hoping to determine their safety and effectiveness, but good evidence is mostly still lacking. There is some evidence that a strict high-fat, low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diet may be effective, particularly for children.

Many people with epilepsy use herbal remedies in particular. However, there is little evidence for their effectiveness and some can cause increased risk of seizures. 

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate herbal products, and they can interact with other anti-epileptic drugs you take, putting your health at risk. Make sure to talk with your doctor before taking any herbal or dietary supplements for your seizures.

COPING AND SUPPORT

People who have epilepsy may be embarrassed or frustrated by their condition. Frontal lobe seizures may be especially embarrassing because they sometimes feature loud vocalizations or sexual movements.

It helps if family members can encourage a positive outlook. Parents can find information, resources and emotional connections from support groups to help their children and themselves. Counseling can be helpful as well. Adults with epilepsy also can find support through in-person and online groups.

______________________________________________________________

Contact us:


Mtonga Isaac Pharmaceutical,

Ng'ombe Township,

#16/24 Off Zambezi road,

Email: mtongaisaacpharmacy@gmail.com

Tel: +260974272433/+260966399444,

Lusaka, Zambia .

_______________________________________
________________________________________

Mtonga Isaac Pharmacy Zambia

NAME & SURNAME:
EMAIL ADDRESS
MESSAGE:
_______________________________________

Popular posts from this blog

OPEN WEBSITE CONTENTS

CERVICAL STENOSIS(BLOCKED CERVIX) AND TREATMENT

OPEN WEBSITE CONTENTS

PELVIC INFLAMMATION DISEASE (PID) AND TREATMENT

AMENORRHEA AND TREATMENT

MTONGA ISAAC PHARMACY ONLINE SHOPPING

ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (IMPOTENCE) AND TREATMENT

ENDOMETRIOSIS AND TREATMENT